A cataract is a cloudy part of the eyes film which makes it hard for a person to see. Cataracts can become so bad that they can in fact cause blindness. While cataracts are most commonly associated with elderly people, there is a long list of eye diseases which can cause cataracts in people of all ages. Many people with cataracts may have them for years before they start to affect their vision, and it is for that reason that optometrist stress the importance of regular eye checks. People that have recently discovered that they are a loved ones has cataracts will undoubtedly have many questions they need answered about the operation. Here we provide a brief description of what goes on in cataract surgery. Eye care centers such as, www.mhei.com, also might provide a good source of information for people with questions about cataracts, however the best source of information will always come directly from the surgeon who will perform the operation.
Once an eye doctor has confirmed that you have cataracts, he or she will then determine if you need to undergo a surgical operation or not. Since cataracts develop very slowly over time, it is not always necessary to undergo a cataract surgery. There are other types of cataract treatment that are offered today which can be very effective in treating cataracts that have not already developed into a serious stage of the problem. Special drops which relax the eye muscles are often prescribed for people with cataracts, and this type of treatment does not harm the eye in any way, and so it can be used for years. There are even some types of cataracts which are so minor that the patient needs only to wear corrective lenses in order to strengthen their site. If however, you doctor has determined that the cataracts in your eye are serious enough to warrant surgical intervention, he will most likely recommend that you undergo cataract surgery.
Before the operation takes place your doctor will run a series of tests on your eyes in order to determine their exact shape and size, and that information will later be used during the operation in order to make the proper cuts. Cataract surgery is done with a state of the art laser which makes cuts so tiny that they are invisible without the use of a microscope. What the surgeon actually does is cut away the thin layer of the eye which is host to the cataract. The actual eye itself is never touched during the operation. Depending on how much of the eye is covered with cataracts, the procedure could take between three and five hours.
After the operation has been completed the patient will be given special glasses to wear for the following days which do not allow any light to touch the eye. Total darkness is essential for the eye during recovery time. In just a week or so the patient will be back to normal. A follow up visit will probably be scheduled for a few months down the road just to make sure they eyes were able to heal properly.